Web Development Roadmap – A Practical Guide

by Posted on January 13, 2022

First thing first

No developer can remember everything, developers mostly search problems on google and look for a solution. So, You also have to know the way how to search for something on google and take advantage of it. If you can do this it will give you the opportunity to understand the code properly.

Basic Understanding of Internet

If you want to become a web developer, firstly you need to know how the internet works, you also have to know

  • How browser works
  • What is a domain name
  • What is a hosting service and how it works
  • What are HTTP and HTTPS
  • What is DNS
  • and so on

These are the basics and if you are not comfortable with these things it will make too much trouble. So before going through web development technology go through this basic understanding.

Basic Tools

Most of the time a web developer deals with these 4 tools every now and then.

  • A computer or a laptop with an internet connection
  • Web browser, you will build a website and your website should behave perfectly with a web browser. So must have a web browser. I like to use Google Chrome and you can try another web browser like Firefox, Safari, Microsoft EDGE, and lots of others.
  • Code Editor. As a web developer you have to write code and to manage code you must have a code editor. Lots of code editors out there. I use VS Code or visual studio code as my default code editor. It is now-a-days one of the most popular code editors. You can use other code editors like Subline text, vim, Bracket, Atom.
  • Terminal, you should have a good understanding of terminal. By default windows have two terminal one is PowerShell another one is CMD, Linux-based distribution uses the Besh terminal and mac use ZSH by default. I use Besh because besh can use every Operating system. So you will not dependent on any OS.

Before beginning, the coding you have should good understanding of these basic tools. Otherwise, it will be a bit complicated for you.

Basic Coding

Let’s talk about coding language. If you want to become a web developer you must have these three fundamental language knowledge. and they are

  • HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language)
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheet)
  • JavaScript

If you want to become a web developer, you must have good knowledge of these three. Because to create a structure we use HTML, for styling we use CSS, and to make our website dynamic you use JavaScript.

Front End Development

So, at first, you have to learn HTML, Every website uses HTML, it is the main building block of the web but it’s not a programming language. It’s a markup language. If you can understand HTML basic syntax, form validation, semantic HTML you are ready and you can say you know HTML.

Now you have to learn CSS, Cascading Style Sheet. We create blocks with HTML and use CSS for styling websites, adding some life with animation. If you want to become a front-end web developer you must have an excellent understanding of CSS. You should learn all basic CSS basic syntax, flexbox, grid as well as responsive design.

If you are new to this web development industry and you need help, you can check out my udemy course “Build Responsive Websites with Modern HTML & CSS with Sass” its more than 10 hours course and you will understand all basic HTML, CSS, Sass with projects. This course earned excellent ratings from students who enrolled. If you are interested you can purchase this course. I am giving you the coupon code, first 100 people can buy this course for less than 10$.

If you ask me should I learn a CSS framework, like bootstrap or tailwind now? I will say no, it’s not the time to learn CSS framework. If you feel you have an excellent understanding of CSS. You should create some projects with HTML and CSS, Make sure your projects are responsive.

Learn JavaScript

Now it’s high time to learn JavaScript. It’s most probably your first programming language. Because HTML and CSS are not programming languages. HTML is a markup language and CSS is a styling language. So JavaScript might be your first programming language. Nowadays, JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages, It’s a huge topic. It’s not possible to learn everything in a short time so I recommend you to learn all basic things like variables, functions, loops, DOM manipulation, Fetch API, JSON, ES6. Learn and understand Javascript well, the time you will spend here will make you a good developer, so do not worry.

It’s time to learn terminal. Because when you want to work with version control, deployment, the framework you have to use the terminal every now and then. If you are comfortable on Terminal then your life will vary difficult. So I recommend you to learn terminal.

Learn Version Control

If you feel you have a good understanding of the terminal then start learning version control. If a team works on a project you should track your project who changed, modified, or updated the things. Version control can help you to track your codes perfectly. Git and GitHub are now the day’s most popular version control. I also recommend you to learn Git and GitHub.

Create Project

It’s time to create some projects based on the combination of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. When you will try to create some projects based on these languages you will face lots of problems and then look at the solution on google and it will ultimate understanding on these topics. Upload your projects on netlify or Github pages. So you can share this project with your clients.

CSS Freamwork

It’s time to learn a CSS framework. You can learn Bootstrap, not its latest version Bootstrap 5, I have a course on udemy “Learn Bootstrap 5 with the project.” For you, I have a coupon code for less than 10$ too. Check video description.

So you can learn bootstrap and most of the clients want bootstrap on their project so it’s recommended you can also learn tailwind. Another popular CSS framework. You can pick a JavaScript framework like React, Angular, Vue. I recommend you to learn to react because it’s easy to learn and job field its demand is huge.

In this stage, you can say you are a front-end developer and you can apply for a junior front-end developer also you can do freelancing. Do not forget to share your experience in the comment box.

Back End Web Development

Let’s talk about the back-end development job. You can develop your website backend with python, PHP, or even JavaScript. Since you have a good understanding of JavaScript you can develop your back end with JavaScript here. Learn node.js first. Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform, back-end JavaScript runtime environment that runs on the V8 engine and executes JavaScript code outside a web browser. With node.js and express.js, you can define routes, connect databases also you can manage your API. You also need to learn npm = node package manager, with npm you can use predefined packaged which can make your life easier.

Learn APIs

It’s high time to learn APIs → Application Programming Interface. APIs allow communication with the front end and back end. You can learn rest API or GraphQL but rest API is more popular nowadays.

Learn Database

If you feel comfortable with API learn Database because every website has lots of data and you need to manage your data, so you should have a good understanding of the database. Based on your work you can learn MySQL or MongoDB. If you know MongoDB, Express.js, React.js, and node.js then you can call yourself MERN Stack Developer.

Learn WordPress

If your plan is to earn money as a freelancer then it’s a good idea to learn CMS’s meaning content management system. Nowadays most popular CMS is WordPress. You can learn WordPress customization, WordPress theme development. If you want to learn WordPress then you need to learn HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, and then WordPress theme development. On freelancing marketplace like Upwork, Freelancer, or Fiverr lots of job-related WordPress. You can check out my WordPress theme development playlist on youtube. Link in the description.

I tried my best to give you a clear roadmap on how to become a full-stack web developer.

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